1812 – Swiss Traveller Johann Ludwig Burckhardt is the 1st European to rediscover the Nabataean city of petra (modern Jordan)
1894 – Mahatma Gandhi forms the Natal Indian Congress (NIC) in order to fight discrimination against traders in Natal
1901 – Cadilac motor company is founded
1932 – BBC begins experimental regular TV broadcasts
1942 – Brazil declares war on Germany, japan and Italy
1984 – Republican convention in Dallas renominates president Ronald Reagan and vice president George Bush
2004 – “The scream” (1910 painted version) and “Madonna” two paintings by Edvard munch are stolen at gunpoint from the Munch Museum in oslo, Norway.
2019 – South korea says it is leaving an intelligence – sharing pact with Japan in an escalation of the rift between the two countries
1849 – The first air raid in history Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of venice
1865 – William Sheppard is issued the US patent for liquid soap.
1958 – Great Britain performs atmospheric nuclear test at Christmas island
1989 – 1st complete ring around Neptune discovered
2018 – Discovery of a 90,000 hybrid human, half Neanderthal, half denisoven from Anuy River , Siberia published in “nature”
1851 – 100 Guineas Cup is raced around Isle of wight; US schooner ‘America’ beats British cutter ‘Aurora’ by 24 minutes; first competition for the America’s Cup yachting trophy.
1923 – Paavo nurmi runs world record mile (4:10:4)
1950 – Althea Gibson becomes 1st black competitor in a US national tennis competition.
2008 – Jamaican team lead by usain Bolt smashes the world 4*100m relay record in the final at the Beijing Olympis ; disqualified in 2017 as Nesta carter tests positive for prohibited substance.